In short, conservative theorists are not very good at explaining what unifies conservative positions. You either allow me to harm you further or, perhaps, you even do something good for me. Unfortunately liberals are less insightful than conservatives at recognizing that morality and the family lie at the center of their political universe.
Thus, when you did something good for me, you engaged in the first form of moral action.
Just as in a nurturant family it is the duty of older and stronger children to help out those that are younger and weaker, so in Value of moral science in school nation it is the duty of citizens who are better-off to contribute more than those who are worse-off.
Conservative opposition to student aid also follows from this metaphor; morally strong students should be self-reliant and pay for the full cost of their own education. Instead, there is a deep and abiding, but usually unacknowledged, reason why conservatives oppose abortion, namely, that it is inconsistent with Strict Father morality.
The opposite of self-control is "self-indulgence" -- a concept that only makes sense if one accepts the metaphor of moral strength.
Here the two principles act in concert. It also leads to an opposition to gun control.
What we learn from this is that metaphorical morality is grounded in nonmetaphorical morality, that is, in forms of well-being, and that the system of metaphors for morality as a whole is thus far from arbitrary. It appears that the antipathy to government shown by American conservatives derives from the part of the strict father model, in which grown children are expected to go off on their own and be self-reliant and then deeply resent parents who continue to tell them how they should live.
Zygmunt Bauman says postmodernity is best described as modernity without illusion, the illusion being the belief that humanity can be repaired by some ethic principle. Why should those metaphors fit together as they do?
Pleasure, for example, appears to not be good without qualification, because when people take pleasure in watching someone suffer, they make the situation ethically worse.
The logic of Moral Essence is this: Ethics of care Care ethics contrasts with more well-known ethical models, such as consequentialist theories e. The metaphor with the highest priority in the conservative moral system is Moral Strength. He gives to charity as an expression of compassion for those less fortunate than he and as an expression of gratitude for his own good fortune.
The origin of ethical feeling in both animals and humans can be found, he claims, in the natural fact of "sociality" mutualistic symbiosiswhich humans can then combine with the instinct for justice i. The Community is a Family Moral agents are Nurturing parents People needing help are Children needing care Moral action is Nurturance This metaphor entails that moral action requires empathy, involves sacrifices, and that helping people who need help is a moral responsibility.Keeping the Moral Books.
We all conceptualize well-being as wealth. We understand an increase in well-being as a "gain" and a decrease of well-being as a "loss" or a "cost.". Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology. Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by .Download