Animal experiments eliminate some potential drugs as either ineffective or too dangerous to use on human beings. What is the probability of success? Should cosmetic companies be allowed to test new eye shadows on rabbits before it is marketed to millions of women around the world?
You have no other choice, you must go on. The human moral community, for instance, is often characterized by a capacity to manipulate abstract concepts and by personal autonomy. Another principle is to reduce animal use as far as possible in any given study.
The proposals have three aims: There is a wide variety of ethical issues that have been raised by the use of animals in research, and in particular, the use of non-human primates such as the baboon described above.
Both the teacher and the learner were told that the study was about memory and learning. Reduction means that the research uses the fewest number of animals possible to conduct quality scientific research.
Finally, cosmetic companies test their products on animals to ensure they are safe for human use. A Closer Look - Baboons in Medical Research So if animal research has so many benefits, why are all those regulations in place?
Harlow took infant rhesus monkeys who had already bonded with their mothers and placed them in a stainless steel vertical chamber device alone with no contact in order to sever those bonds. What are the goals of research? Humans experiment on animals not because it is right but because they can.
Peter Singer is one of the best publicly known advocates of animal rights and animal equality. Why do you think you feel this way? The University of Iowa publicly apologized for the Monster Study in The guards became paranoid about the prisoners, believing they were out to get them.
The teacher read a pair of words, following by four possible answers to the question. The most unfortunate part of this experiment is that Little Albert was not desensitized to his fear. Army psychiatrists aided by chaplains aggressively ferreted out suspected homosexuals from the armed forces, sending them discretely to military psychiatric units, chiefly ward 22 of 1 Military Hospital at Voortrekkerhoogte, near Pretoria.
If at any time the subject indicated his desire to halt the experiment, he was told by the experimenter, Please continue. Therefore, any kind of research on animals is acceptable. Also, anyone who handles the animals should be properly trained. And another philosopher suggests that it would anyway be more effective to research on normal human beings: The image above is a healthy pet dog in a science lab, not an animal used in experimentation.
Therefore, humans should not do animal research since it is wrong to deprive an animal of this right. Proponents of the middle ground position usually advocate a few basic principals that they believe should always be followed in animal research.
Do they lack fundamental human rights and should we use them for experimentation? However, we look upon past examples of this behavior as morally condemnable. This was due to the physicians using an electrocautery needle instead of a standard scalpel. This was the point when many of the teachers exhibited extreme distress and would ask to stop the experiment.
For example, because monkeys look more like us, use tools like we do, form families like we do, we identify with them more and want to protect them more than lower-order animals that do not have these human qualities.
Some of these are - Animal Rights and Moral Value Many people feel a strong connection to animals whether they have them for pets, see them at zoos, or eat them for food. Finally, refinement is when the research being done is carefully modified so that the least amount of pain and suffering is inflicted upon the animals.
Many advances have been made through using animals in research. Many of these monkeys came out of the chamber psychotic, and many did not recover. Providing high quality, disease-free environments for the animals will help ensure that every animal counts.
Define anthropocentrism and give a few examples of where else humans show this quality. Just as it would be wrong to conduct the whiplash brain injury research shown above on a human being, it is wrong to do it on animals.
If the learner was incorrect with his answer, the teacher was to administer a shock with voltage that increased with every wrong answer.Animals Used for Experimentation.
Right now, millions of mice, rats, rabbits, primates, cats, dogs, and other animals are locked inside barren cages in laboratories across the country. Ethical issues Is it morally acceptable to cause pain, suffering and death to animals?
The question of defining the moral status of humans and animals often arises in the debate on research involving animals. Sep 07, · The point of the experiment was simply to understand the effects of addiction and drug use; a point which, I think, most rational and ethical people would know did not require such horrendous treatment of animals.
Ethical issues in human research generally arise in relation to population groups that are vulnerable to abuse. Human Experimentation: An Introduction to the Ethical. Because animals as distant from humans as mice and rats share many physiological and genetic similarities with humans, animal experimentation can be tremendously helpful for furthering medical science.
However, there is an ongoing debate about the ethics of animal experimentation. Start studying Unit 4: Ethical Issues in Psychological Research. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.Download