However, the newly completed artificial island supporting Kansai International Airport was not significantly affected, due to being further away from the epicenter and because it was built to the latest standards.
Most people in Japan believed those structures to be relatively safe from earthquake damage because of the steel-reinforced concrete design. Amongst the commemorative events held on the anniversary of the earthquake, large "1.
Earthquake[ edit ] Damage at Minatogawa, Kobe Most of the largest earthquakes in Japan are caused by subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate or Pacific Platewith mechanisms that involve either energy released within the subducting plate or the accumulation and sudden release of stress in the overlying plate.
The government and city authorities were criticised for being slow to rescue people and for refusing offers of help from other countries. Kobe is a well-known base for sake making. It includes traditional tools and videos with a free sample at the end. Kobe is famous for its Kobe beef, special-bred Japanese cattle known for flavor and tenderness.
The subducting plates, being deeper than the Eurasian plate, pulled Japan eastward, opening the Sea of Japan around 15 million years ago.
Many hundreds of people are out on the streets wrapped in bedding, too afraid to go home in case of more after-shocks. It threw 50 cars off the edge and left a bus hanging over the edge. To help speed the recovery effort, the government closed most of the Hanshin Expressway network to private vehicles from 6: Electricity and water supplies were badly damaged over large areas.
Name[ edit ] Outside Japan the earthquake is commonly known as the Kobe earthquake.
Trains were derailed and power cut in some areas, leaving a million people without electricity. Eyewitnesses said the terrifying shaking lasted for about 20 seconds and was followed by several aftershocks.
More instruments were installed in the area to monitor earthquake movements. High rise buildings that were built after the modern building code suffered little; however, those that were not constructed to these standards suffered serious structural damage.
Clean, fresh water was in short supply until April The population is about 1. The quake triggered around fires,  which raged over large portions of the city.
A total of 68 children under the age of 18 were orphaned, while additional children lost one parent. The earthquake measured 7. Japan installed rubber blocks under bridges to absorb the shock and rebuilt buildings further apart to prevent collateral damage.
Winter is warm and summer is cool, with little rainfall.Kobe Earthquake At am on 17 January the Philippines Plate shifted beneath the Eurasian Plate along the Nojima fault line that runs beyond Kobe.
This type of earthquake is known as an ‘inland shallow earthquake ’ because earthquakes f this type often happen at active faults. This is a list of earthquakes in Japan with either a magnitude greater than or equal to or which caused significant damage M w: Great Hanshin earthquake: (Hanshin-Awaji Daishinsai) northern end of Awaji Island: 6, Damage in Kobe.
An earthquake in Japan that occurred on Tuesday January 17, at JST in the. The Great Hanshin earthquake the earthquake had a strike-slip mechanism that accommodated east-west shortening of the Eurasian Plate due to its collision with the Philippine Sea Plate in central Honshu.
Outside Japan the earthquake is commonly known as the Kobe earthquake. In Japan, Magnitude: Mw. Kōbe earthquake of Kōbe earthquake of(Jan. 17, ) large-scale earthquake in the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area of western Japan that was among the strongest, deadliest, and costliest to ever strike that country.
The earthquake hit at am on Tuesday, Jan. 17,in the southern part of Hyōgo. Great Hanshin earthquake, or Kobe earthquake, struck Hyogo prefecture in Japan on 17 January There were eyewitness reports of earthquake light, co-seismic luminous phenomena in the Kobe earthquake (Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake) in Japan.Download